Relations between the installation of democracy and the anti-austerity protest behavior. Spanish indignados in comparative perspective

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Joanna Rak


According to recent research, the age of democratic institutions can influence whether citizens demonstrate because the opening up of political freedom in the state may have a positive impact on protest behavior. ftis research addresses the problem to what extent these theories are useful to explain the diversity of post2008 anti-austerity protests in Europe. It aims to test theory-driven hypotheses to tell how the history-rooted macrolevel factor influenced the protest behavior of anti-austerity movements. fte research uses a method of sources analysis and conceptual qualitative content analysis to collect data and formulate an original database for the movements. It employs a statistical analysis method, Pearson correlation technique, and conducts a two-tail test to verify the hypotheses. fte research argues that some reservations have to accompany the assumption that the younger the democratic regime is, the less likely to stage demonstrations the anti-austerity movement in this state is.

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Rak, J. (2019). Relations between the installation of democracy and the anti-austerity protest behavior. Spanish indignados in comparative perspective. Aportes. Revista De Historia Contemporánea, 34(99). Recuperado a partir de
Biografía del autor/a

Joanna Rak, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań

Joanna Rak es doctora en Ciencias Políticas y profesora del departamento de Cultura Política de la Universidad Adam Mickiewicz de Poznan (Polonia). Es experta en temas de cultura de la violencia donde trabaja su proyecto „Basque Revitalization: The Continuance Trajectory of ETA”. Es autora de “Theorizing Cultures of Political Violence in Times of Austerity: Studying Social Movements in Comparative Perspective, London and New York: Routledge, 2018”; “A typology of cultural attitudes as a device describing political thought of the populations influenced by globalization.” Anthropological Notebooks 21(2): 55–70, 2015; “Contra-Acculturative Thought as the Source of Political Violence.” Terrorism and Political Violence 28(2): 363–382, 2016; “In the search for theoretical approaches to studying attitudes toward antipoverty, policy in Passarinho.” Anthropological Notebooks 22(2): 119–128, 2016; “Intrastate, Regional, and Colonial Contributions to Post-2008 Cultures of Political Violence.” Polish Political Science Yearbook 46(1): 1–8, 2017; “Dealing with Trauma Experience and Political Violence Memory.” Qualitative Sociology 40(2): 259–262, 2017; “Russia, ‘Near Abroad’, and the West: Struggling with the Research Field of Geopolitical Cultures.” Geopolitics 22(4): 984–990, 2017.